CCTV क्या है

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CCTV ka full form Closed Circuit Television hai. CCTV ek prakar system hota hai jisme video camera ka istemal kiya jata hai taki uske signal ko transmit kiya ja sake ek specific jagah par yani ki kuch monitors ke upar. CCTV ko pray video survillance bhi kaha jata hai.

Kisi bhi area me nigrani karne ke liye CCTV ka istemal kiya jata hai jaise ki bank, ATM, Mall, store etc. Isse jo video streaming hoti hai usse sirf authorized log hi dekh pate hai. Yeh camera kisi khaas jagah ki gatividhiya ko record kar ke simit logo tak pahuchane ke liye istemalk kiya jata hai.

 

CCTV का इतिहास (History of CCTV)

sabse pahle CCTV Siemens company dwara 1942 me Germany me Install kiya gya tha jiska istemal v-2 rockets ke launch event ka jajya lene ke liye kiya gaya tha. Germany desh ke hi engineer Walter Bruch ne isse technically design aur installation kiya tha.

 

सीसीटीवी कैमरा के प्रकार (Types of CCTV Camera)

Dome CCTV Camera.
Bullet CCTV Camera.
C-Mount CCTV Camera.
Day/Night CCTV Camera.
Infrared/Night Vision CCTV Camera.
Network/IP CCTV Camera.
Wireless CCTV Camera.
High-Definition HD CCTV Camera.

 

CCTV का इस्तेमाल क्यों और कहाँ किया जाता है?

Security

Suraksha ke najariye se kisi ghar,sanstha ya fir kisi khaas jagah par isko lagaya jata hai jisse ki vha ki gatividhyo par puri nigrani rakhi ja sake.

Crime Prevention

CCTV ka istemal hone se crime ratio bahut hi kam hua hai.Parking me ya fir Bank ya ATM me kafi had crime ratio ghat gya hai. CCTV ka istemal crime rokne aur gatividhiyo par najar rakhne ke liye kiya jata hai.

Traffic monitoring

Bahut sare sahar jaha kafi jyda traffic hai vha bhi CCTV ka istemal kiya jata hai jisse ki traffic aur usse hone wale accidents par najar rakhi ja sake. CCTV ka use traffic par najar rakhne ke liye bhi hota hai.

Dukan/Makan/Ground

Aapne aksar kisi dukan ya makan me kisi khaas ground me dekha hoga ki vha CCTV laga hota hai. CCTV ke jariye vha ki suraksha ki nirgrani rakhi jati hai.

Monitor School

Bahut sare desh me school ya fir school ki buses me bhi iska use kiya jata hai.School me kisi prakar ki kshati na ho isliye vha ki gatividhiyo par najar rakhne ke liye isko lagaya jata hai.

Monitor Employees

Office yani ki karyalay me bhi iska istemal kiya jata hai taki boss dwara apne employee par najar rakha ja sake. Isse ye dekha jata hai ki employee kya kaam kar rahe hai ya nahi kar rahe ye jankari asaani se boss ki mil jati hai.

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